G.B. TECHNICAL UNIVERSITY, LUCKNOW & MAHAMAYA TECHNICAL UNIVERSITY (MTU)
Study and Evaluation Scheme B. Tech. in Electronics & Communication Engineering
[Effective from the session 2011-12]
YEAR 4th, SEMESTER-VII
|1.||EOE 07*||Open Elective-I**||3||1||0||30||20||50||100||150||4|
|2.||EOE 02*||Departmental Elective-II||3||1||0||30||20||50||100||150||4|
|3.||EEC 701||Optical Communication||3||1||0||30||20||50||100||150||4|
|4.||EEC 702||Data Communication Networks||3||1||0||30||20||50||100||150||4|
|5.||EEC 703||VLSI Design||3||1||0||30||20||50||100||150||4|
|*Human Values & Professional
|7.||EEC 751||Microwave & Fiber Optic Lab||0||0||2||-||20||20||30||50||1|
|8.||EEC 752||Electronics Circuit Design Lab||0||0||3||-||50||50||-||50||2|
|9.||EEC 753||Industrial Training Viva-Voce||0||0||2||-||20||20||30||50||1|
|11.||GP 701||General Proficiency||-||-||-||-||-||50||-||50||1|
** Open Electives-IEOE-071 Entrepreneurship Development
EOE-072 Quality Management
EOE-073 Operation Research
EOE-074 Introduction to Biotechnology
EOE-075 Micro and smart systems
G.B. TECHNICAL UNIVERSITY, LUCKNOW & MAHAMAYA TECHNICAL UNIVERSITY (MTU)
Study and Evaluation Scheme B. Tech. in Electronics & Communication Engineering
[Effective from the session 2011-12]
YEAR 4th, SEMESTER-VIII
|1.||EOE 08*||Open Elective-II**||3||1||0||30||20||50||100||150||4|
|2.||EEC 03*||Departmental Elective-III||3||1||0||30||20||50||100||150||4|
|3.||EEC 801||Wireless & Mobile
|4.||EEC 802||Electronics Switching||3||1||0||30||20||50||100||150||3|
|5.||AUC 001||*Human Values &
|7.||GP 801||General Proficiency||-||-||-||-||-||50||-||50||1|
** Open Electives-IIEOE-081 Non Conventional Energy Resources
EOE-082 Nonlinear Dynamic system
EOE-083 Product Development
EOE-084 Automation and Robotics
LIST OF ELECTIVES:Elective – I
|1.||EEC 011||Analog Signal Processing|
|2.||EEC 012||Data Structure|
|3.||EEC 013||Advance Semiconductor Devices|
Elective – II
|1.||EEC 021||Satellite Communication|
|2.||EEC 022||Digital Image Processing|
|4.||EEC 024||Filter Design|
Elective – III
|EEC 701 OPTICAL COMMUNICATION||3 1 0|
|I||Overview of optical fiber communication-
The general system, advantages of optical fiber communications. Optical fiber
wave guides- Introduction, Ray theory transmission, Optical fiber Modes and
configuration, Mode theory for circular Waveguides, Step Index fibers,
Graded Index fibers.
Single mode fibers- Cut off wavelength, Mode Field Diameter, Effective
Refractive Index. Fiber Material and its Fabrication Techniques
|II||Signal distortion in optical fibers- Attenuation, Absorption, Scattering and
Bending losses, Core and Cladding losses. Information capacity determination, Group delay, Attenuation Measurements Techniques,
Types of Dispersion - Material dispersion, Wave-guide dispersion, Polarization mode dispersion, Intermodal dispersion. Pulse broadening. Overall fiber dispersion in Multi mode and Single mode fibers, Fiber dispersion measurement techniques, Non linear effects.
Optical fiber Connectors: Joints, Couplers and Isolators.
|III||Optical sources- LEDs, Structures, Materials, Quantum efficiency, Power,
Modulation, Power bandwidth product.
Laser Diodes- Basic concepts, Classifications, Semiconductor injection Laser: Modes, Threshold conditions, External quantum efficiency, Laser diode rate equations, resonant frequencies, reliability of LED & ILD
|IV||Source to fiber power launching - Output patterns, Power coupling, Power
launching, Equilibrium Numerical Aperture, Laser diode to fiber coupling. Optical detectors- Physical principles of PIN and APD, Detector response time, Temperature effect on Avalanche gain, Comparison of Photo detectors. Optical receiver operation- Fundamental receiver operation, Digital signal transmission, error sources, Receiver configuration, Digital receiver performance, Probability of error, Quantum limit, Analog receivers
|V||Link Design: Point to Point Links, Power Penalities, Error
control,Multichannel Transmission Techniques, WDM concepts and component overview,
OTDR and optical Power meter
1. John M. Senior, “Optical Fiber Communications”, PEARSON, 3rd Edition, 2010.
2. Gerd Keiser, “Optical Fiber Communications”, TMH, 4th Edition, 2008.
1. Govind P. Agrawal, “Fiber Optic Communication Systems”, John Wiley, 3rd Edition,
2. Joseph C. Plais, “Fiber Optic Communication”, Pearson Education, 4th Ed, 2004.
|EEC 702 DATA COMMUNICATION NETWORKS||3 1 0|
|I||Introduction to Networks & Data Communications
The Internet, Protocols & Standards, Layered Tasks, OSI Model, TCP / IP, Addressing, Line Coding Review, Transmission Media: Guided and unguided Media Review.
|II||Switching: Datagram Networks, Virtual Circuit Networks, Structure of a
switch ,Ethernet Physical Layer, Data Link Layer: Error detection and Correction Data Link Control: Framing, Flow and Error Control Protocols, Noiseless Channel and Noisy Channel Protocol, HDLC, Point-to-Point Protocol
|III||Multiple Access : RANDOH, CDMA, CSMA/CD, CSMA/CA, Controlled
Wired LANs: IEEE Standards, Standard Ethernet, Fast Ethernet, Gigabit
Ethernet, Wireless LAN
IEEE 802.11, Bluetooth IEEE 802.16
|IV||Network Layer : Design Issues. Routing Algorithms. Congestion control
Algorithms.IPV4 Addresses, Connecting Devices, Virtual LAN IPV6
Addresses, Internet Protocol, Hardware Addressing versus IP Addressing, IP Data Gram
|V||Transport Layer Protocol : UDP and TCP, ATM
ATM, Cryptography, Network Security
1. B. A. Forouzan, “Data Communications and Networking”, MGH, 4th ed. 2007
1. A. S. Tanenbaum, “Computer Networks”, PHI.
2. W. Stallings, “Data and Computer Communication”, PHI.
|EEC 703 VLSI DESIGN||3 1 0|
|I||Introduction: Overview of VLSI Design Methodologies, VLSI Design Flow,
Design Hierarchy, Concepts of Regularity, Modularity and Locality.
MOSFET Fabrication: Fabrication process flow, NMOS and CMOS
fabrication, layout design rules, stick diagram and mask layout design.
MOS Transistor : MOS Structure, The MOS System under external bias, Operation of MOSFET, MOSFET - Current /Voltage Characteristics, Scaling and Small geometry effects and capacitances
|II||MOS Inverters: Introduction, Resistive Load Inverter, Inverters with n-type
MOSFET load, CMOS Inverter.
MOS Inverters - Switching Characteristics: Introduction, Delay – Time Definitions, Calculation of Delay Times, and Inverter Design with Delay Constraints.
|III||Combinational MOS Logic Circuits: Introduction, MOS logic circuits with
depletion NMOS Loads, CMOS logic circuits, complex logic circuits, CMOS
transmission gates (pass gates)
Sequential MOS Logic Circuits: Introduction, behaviour bistable elements, SR latch circuits, clocked latch and FF circuits, CMOS D latch and edge triggered FF.
|IV||Dynamic logic circuits: Introduction, basic principle of pass transistor
circuits, synchronous dynamic circuit techniques, dynamic CMOS circuit techniques, domino CMOS logic.
Semiconductor memories: Introduction, DRAM, SRAM, ROM, flash memory.
|V||Low – Power CMOS Logic Circuits: Introduction, Overview of Power
Consumption, Low – Power Design through voltage scaling, Estimation and Optimization of switching activity, Reduction of Switched Capacitance and Adiabatic Logic Circuits.
Design for Testability: Introduction, Fault Types and Models, Controllability and Observability, Ad Hoc Testable Design Techniques, Scan Based and BIST Techniques
1. Sung-Mo Kang & Yosuf Leblebici, “CMOS Digital Integrated Circuits: Analysis &
Design”, TMH, 3rd Edition.
2. D. A. Pucknell and K. Eshraghian, “Basic VLSI Design: Systems and Circuits”, PHI, 3rd Ed., 1994.
3. W.Wolf, Modern VLSI Design: System on Chip, Third Edition, Pearson, 2002.
|EEC 021 SATELLITE COMMUNICATIONS||3 1 0|
|I||Elements of Satellite Communication. Orbital mechanics, look angle and
orbit determination, launches & launch vehicle, orbital effects, Geostationary Orbit.
|II||Satellite subsystems, attitude and orbit control systems, TTC&M,
communication subsystem, satellite antenna
Satellite link design: basic transmission theory, system noise temperature and G/T ratio, downlink design, uplink design, satellite systems using small earth station, design for specified C/N.
|III||Propagation effects and their impact on satellite-earth links: attenuation and
depolarization, atmospheric absorption, rain, cloud and ice effects etc. Introduction of various satellite systems: VSAT, low earth orbit and non- geostationary,
|IV||Direct broadcast satellite television and radio, satellite navigation and the
global positioning systems, GPS position location principle, GPS Receivers and Codes, Satellite Signal Acquisition, GPS Navigation Message, GPS Signal Levels, Timing accuracy, GPS Receiver Operation
|V||Global Mobile Satellite Systems, Antenna System for mobile satellite
applications, Evolution, Antenna Requirement and Technical Characteristics, Classification of Mobile Satellite Antenna(MSA), Low gain omni directional Antenna, Medium gain Directional Antenna, High gain Directional Aperture Antenna, Wire Quadrifilar Helix Antenna(WQHA) for Hand held Terminals, Antenna Systems for Mobile Satellite Broadcasting.
1. B. Pratt, A. Bostian, “Satellite Communications”, Wiley India.
2. D. Roddy, “Satellite Communications”, TMH, 4th Ed.
3. S. D. Ilcev, “Global Mobile Satellite Communication”, Springer
4. R. Pandya, “Mobile and Personal Communication Systems and Services ”, PHI.
|EEC 022 DIGITAL IMAGE PROCESSING||3 1 0|
|I & II||Introduction: Fundamental steps in DIP, elements of DIP, Simple
image model, sampling & quantization, basic relationships between pixels, colour image model.
Image Transforms: One-dimensional & two-dimensional DFT, cosine, sine, Hadamard, Haar, and Slant & KL transforms.
Image Enhancement: Introduction, point operations, histogram modelling, spatial operations, Transform operations.
|III||Image Restoration: Introduction, image observation models, Inverse &
Wiener filtering, difference between enhancement & restoration
Restoration-spatial filtering, Noise reduction in frequency domain.
|IV||Image Compression: Introduction, Pixel coding, Predictive coding,
Transform coding, Inter-frame coding
|V||Image Segmentation: Introduction, Spatial feature extraction, Transforms
features, Edge detection, Boundary extraction, Segmentation techniques.
1. Rafael C. Gonzalez Richard E Woods, “Digital Image Processing”, Pearson, 3rd
2. Anil K Jain, “Fundamentals of Digital Image Processing”, PHI.
|EEC 023 Artificial Neural Networks||3 1 0|
Introduction and history, human brain, biological neuron, models of neuron, signal flow graph of neuron, feedback, network architecture, knowledge representation, Artificial intelligence and neural networks. Learning Process:
Error correction learning, memory based learning, Hebbian
learning, competitive learning, Boltzmann learning, learning with and without teacher, learning tasks, memory and adaptation.
|II||Artificial neurons, Neural networks and architectures
Introduction, neuron signal function, mathematical preliminaries, Feed forward & feedback architecture.
Geometry of Binary threshold neurons and their networks
Pattern recognition, convex sets and convex hul l s , space of Boolean functions, binary neurons for pattern classification, non linear separable problems, capacity of TLN, XOR solution.
|III||Perceptrons and LMS
Learning objective of TLN, pattern space & weight space, perceptron learning algorithm, perceptron convergence theorem, pocket algorithm, α – LMS learning, MSE error surface, steepest descent search, μ – LMS and application.
Back propagation and other learning algorithms
Multilayered architecture, back propagation learning algorithm, practical considerations, structure growing algorithms, applications of feed forward neural networks, reinforcement learning
|IV||Statistical Pattern Recognition
Bayes’ theorem, classical decisions with Bayes’ theorem, probabilistic interpretation of neuron function, interpreting neuron signals as probabilities, multilayered networks & posterior probabilities, error functions for classification problems.
Regularization networks, generalized RBF networks, RBF network for solving XOR problem, comparison of RBF networks & multilayer perceptrons.
Statistical mechanics, simulated annealing, Boltzmann machine.
|V||Adaptive Resonance Theory
Building blocks of adaptive resonance, Adaptive Resonance Theory 1. Self Organizing Feature MAP
Introduction, Maximal eigenvector filtering, principal component analysis, generalized learning laws, competitive learning, vector quantization, Mexican hat networks.
1. Kumar Satish, “Neural Networks”, TMH
2. Simon Haykin, ”Neural Networks”, PHI
|EEC 024 FILTER DESIGN||3 1 0|
|I||Review of op-amps circuits, Categorization of filters-Low-pass filter,
High-pass filter, band-pass filter, band-reject filter, Gain equalizers, and
|II||Approximation Theory: Butterworth approximation, Chebyshev
approximation, Inverse Chebyshev approximation, Basic of sensitivity,
|III||Three amplifier Biquad: Basic low pass and band pass circuit,
realization of the general Biquadratic Functions, summing of four
Amplifier biquad, feed forward three amplifier biquad, Passive Ladder structures, Inductor Substitution using Gyrator, Transformation of elements using the FDNR. Active ladder filters. Active R filters.
|IV||Elementary transconductor building blocks, resistors, integrators, amplifiers, summers, gyrator, First and second order filters, higher order filters.||8|
|V||Switched capacitor filters: The MOS switch, The switched capacitor,
first order building blocks, second order sections, sampled data
operation, Switched capacitor first and second order filters, Bilinear transformation based SC filter design.
 Gobind Daryanani, “Principles of active network synthesis and design”,John Wiley &
 R. Schaumann, M. E. Van Valkenburg, “Design of analog filters”, Oxford University
EEC 751 Microwave and Optical Communication Lab
Minimum Ten Experiments to be conducted:
1. Study of Reflex Klystron Characteristics.
2 Measurement of guide wavelength and frequency of the signal in a rectangular
Waveguide using slotted line carriage in a Micro wave Bench.
3. Measurement of impedance of an unknown load connected at the output end of the slotted line carriage in a Micro wave Bench
4. Determine the S-parameter of any Three port Tee.
5 Determine the S-parameter of a Magic Tee.
6. Study various parameters of Isolator .
7. Measurement of attenuation of a attenuator and isolation, insertion loss, cross coupling of a circulator.
8 Determine coupling coefficient, Insertion loss, Directivity and Isolation coefficient of anty
Multi-Hole directional coupler.
9 To study working of MIC Components like Micro strip Line, Filter, Directional Coupler, Wilkinson Power Divider, Ring resonator & coupler, antennas & amplifies.
10. Study of waveguide horn and its radiation pattern and determination of the beam width.
11. Study radiation pattern of any two types of linear antenna.
Part – B (Any 4 Experiments):
1. To setting up fiber optic analog link.
2. Study and measurement of losses in optical fiber.
3. Study and measurement of numerical aperture of optical fiber.
4. Study and perform time division multiplexing (digital).
5. Study of framing in time division multiplexing.
6. Study of Manchester coding and decoding.
7. Study of voice coding and codec chip.
8. Study and measure characteristics of fiber optic LED’s and photo detector.
EEC 752 Electronic Circuit DesignIn this practical course students will carry out a design oriented project work using various analog/ digital building blocks which they have already studied in their analog electronic/ digital electronic courses such as Electronic circuits, integrated circuits and filter design. The project may include but not restricted to any of the following:
1. Universal op-amp based biquad
2. Universal OTA biquad
3. Amplitude control or stabilization applied to any sinusoidal oscillators
4. Op-amp/ OTA based function generator
5. Any application of log/antilog circuits
6. Any applications of analog multiplier/ divider
7. Any digital system design and its hardware implementation using TTL/ CMOS ICs
8. Any circuit idea (not studied in the course) using 555 Timer in conjunction with any other ICs
The above must include
1. Design the circuit.
2. Make a hardware and measure various parameters.
3. Simulation in Spice of the designed circuit.
4. Comparison of measured and simulated results.
5. A report is to be made for evaluation.
|EEC 801 Mobile and Wireless Communication||3 1 0|
|I||Evolution of mobile radio communication fundamentals.
Large scale path loss: propagation models, reflection, diffraction, scattering, practical link budget design using path loss model.
Small scale fading & multipath propagation and measurements, impulse response model and parameters of multipath channels.
Small scale Multipath Measurements, Parameters of Mobile Multipath
Channels types of small scale fading.
|II||Fundamentals of equalisation, Equalisers in communication receiver,
Survey of equalisation techniques, linear equaliser, Algorithms for Adaptive Equalization, Diversity techniques, RAKE receiver. Characteristics of speech signals, quantisation techniques, vocoders, linear predictive coders, Multiple Access techniques for Wireless Communications.
|III||Cellular concepts, Frequency reuse, channel assignment strategies,
handoff strategies, interference and system capacity, improving coverage and capacity in cellular systems.
|IV||GSM system for mobile: Services and features, System Architecture, Radio
Sub system Channel types, Frame Structure.
CDMA Digital Cellular Standard (IS 95): Frequency and Channel specifications, Forward CDMA channel and reverse CDMA channel
|V||Introduction to Mobile Adhoc Networks, Mobile data networks, wireless
standards IMT2000, Introduction to 4G and concept of NGN.
1. T.S. Rappaport, “Wireless Communication-Principles and practice”, Pearson, Second
2. T L Singal ,“Wireless Communications ”,McGraw Hill Publications.
3. R. Pandya, “ Mobile and personal communication system”, PHI.
1. Andrea Goldsmith, “Wireless Communications”, Cambridge University press.
2. Andreas F. Molisch, “Wireless Communications”, Wiley Student Edition.
3. S. Haykin & M. Moher, “Modern wireless communication”, Pearson, 2005.
|EEC 802 ELECTRONIC SWITCHING||3 1 0|
|I||Evolution of Switching systems: Introduction: Message
switching, circuits switching, functions of a switching system, register-translator-senders, distribution frames, crossbar switch, a general trunking, electronic switching, Reed electronic system, digital switching systems.
|II||Digital switching: Switching functions, space division
switching, Time division switching, two dimensional switching, Digital cross connect systems, digital switching in analog environment.
|III||Telecom Traffic Engineering: Network traffic load
and parameters, grade of service and blocking probability, modelling switching systems, incoming traffic and service time characterization, blocking models and loss estimates, Delay systems.
|IV||Control of Switching Systems: Introduction, Call
processing functions; common control, Reliability availability and security; Stored program control.
Signalling: Introduction, Customer line signalling, AF junctions and trunk circuits, FDM carrier systems, PCM and inter register signalling, Common channel signalling principles, CCITT signalling system No. 6 and 7, Digital customer line signalling.
|V||Packet Switching: Packets formats, statistical multiplexing,
routing control, dynamic, virtual path circuit and fixed path routing, flow control, X.25 protocol, frame relay, TCP/IP, ATM cell, ATM service categories, ATM switching, ATM memory switch, space memory switch, memory-space, memory-space-memory switch, Banyan network switch.
1. Thiagarajan Viswanathan, “Telecommunication switching System and
2. J.E. Flood, “Telecommunication switching, Traffic and Networks”, Pearson education.
3. J.C. Bellamy, “Digital Telephony”, John Wiley, 3
|EEC 031 OPTICAL NETWORKS||3 1 0|
|I||Introduction to Optical Networks- Principles and Challenges and its
Generation, Characteristics of Optical Fiber in non linear region ,Optical
Packet Switching, Transmission Basics, Multiplexers & Filters,
|II||Optical Amplifiers ,Tunable Lasers, Switches, Wavelength Converters.
Sub-Carrier Modulation and Multiplexing,Spectral efficiency,Crosstalk,Introduction of Soliton systems.
|III||SONET/SDH: Multiplexing, SONET/ SDH Layers,
Frame Structure, Physical Layer, Elements of a SONET/SDH Infrastructure, Ethernet.
Optical Transport Network, Generic framing Procedure, IP routing and forwarding and QOS.
WDM Network Elements
Optical Line Terminals, Optical Line Amplifiers,
Optical Add/ Drop Multiplexers, Optical Cross
|IV||WDM Network Design
Cost Trade-offs, Light path Topology Design, and
Routing and wavelength assignment problems, Dimensioning
Wavelength Routing Networks, Network Survivability
Basic Concepts, Protection in SONET/SDH,
Protection in client layer, Optical Layer Protection, Different Schemes,
Interworking between Layers
Network Architecture Overview, Enhanced HFC,
FTTC, PON evolution
OTDM, Synchronization, Header Processing,
Buffering, Burst Switching.
Deployment Considerations- SONET/SDH core Network
1. R. Ramaswami, & K. N. Sivarajan, “Optical Networks a Practical perspective”, Morgan Kaufmann Publishers, 3rd Ed.
2. U. Black, “Optical Networks: Third Generation Transport Systems”/ Pearson
1. Biswanath Mukherjee “Optical WDM Networks” Springer Pub 2006.
|EEC 032 DIGITAL SYSTEM DESIGN USING VHDL||3 1 0|
|I||Introduction to VHDL, reserve words, structures, modeling, objects, data
type and operators, sequential statements and processes, sequential modeling and attributes, conditional assignment, concatenation and case, array loops and assert statements, subprograms.
|II||Digital System Design Automation– Abstraction Levels, System level
design flow, RTL design flow, VHDL.
RTL Design with VHDL – Basic structures of VHDL, Combinational circuits, Sequential circuits, Writing Test benches, Synthesis issues, VHDL Essential Terminologies
VHDL Constructs for Structures and Hierarchy Descriptions – Basic
Components, Component Instantiations, Iterative networks, Binding Alternatives, Association methods, generic Parameters, Design Configuration
|III||Concurrent Constructs for RT level Descriptions – Concurrent Signal
Assignments, Guarded signal assignment
Sequential Constructs for RT level Descriptions – Process Statement, Sequential WAIT statement, VHDL Subprograms, VHDL library Structure, Packaging Utilities and Components, Sequential Statements.
VHDL language Utilities - Type Declarations and Usage, VHDL
Operators, Operator and Subprogram overloading, Other TYPES and TYPE
– related issues, Predefined Attributes
|IV||VHDL Signal Model – Characterizing hardware languages, Signal
Assignments, Concurrent and Sequential Assignments, Multiple Concurrent
Drivers Standard Resolution
|V||Hardware Cores and Models - Synthesis rules and styles, Memory and
Queue Structures, Arithmetic Cores, Components with Separate Control and Data parts.
Core Design Test and Testability - Issues Related to Design Test, Simple
1. Z. Navabi, “VHDL-Modular Design and Synthesis of cores and Systems”, TMH – 3rd Edition.
2. R.D.M. Hunter, T. T. Johnson, “Introduction to VHDL” Spriger Publication, 2010. REFERENCE BOOKS:
3. C. H. Roth, “Digital System Design using VHDL”, PWS Publishing
4. Douglas Perry, “VHDL- Programming by examples”, MGH
|EEC 033 SPEECH PROCESSING||3 1 0|
|I||Digital models for speech signals: Mechanism of speech
production & acoustic phonetics, the acoustic theory of speech production, lossless tube models, and digital models for speech signals.
|II||Time Domain methods of speech sampling: Time dependent
processing of speech, short time energy and average magnitude, short time average zero crossing rate, discrimination between speech& silence, pitch period estimation using parallel processing, short time autocorrelation function & AMDF, pitch period estimation using autocorrelation function.
|III||Short time Fourier Analysis: Definition and properties, design of filter
banks, implementation of filter bank summation method using FFT, spectrographic displays, pitch detection, analysis by synthesis phase, vocoder and channel vocoder.
|IV||Homomorphic speech processing: Homomorphic system for
convolution, complex cepst rum of speech, pitch det e ction using
Homomorphic processing, formant estimation, Homomorphic vocoder.
|V||Linear Predictive Coding of Speech: Basic principles of linear
predictive analysis, the autocorrelation method, computation of the gain for the model, solution of LPC equations for auto correlation method,
prediction error and normalized mean square error, frequency domain interpretation of mean squared prediction error relation of linear
predictive analysis to lossless tube models, relation between various speech parameters, synthesis of speech from linear predictive parameters,
application of LPC parameters.
1. R. L. Rabiner & R.W. Schafer, “Digital Processing of speech signals”, Pearson
2. B. Gold and Nelson Morgon, “Speech and audio signal processing”, Wiley India
|EEC 034 VLSI TECHNOLOGY||3 1 0|
|I||Introduction To IC Technology: SSI, MSI, LSI, VLSI Integrated Circuits
Crystal Growth and Wafer Preparation:
Electronic Grade Silicon, Czochralski Crystal Growth, Silicon Shaping, Processing Considerations.
Epitaxy: Vapor –Phase Epitaxy, Molecular Beam Epitaxy, Silicon on
Insulators, Epitaxial Evaluation.
|II||Oxidation: Growth Kinetics, Thin Oxides, Oxidation Techniques and
Systems, Oxides Properties.
Lithography: Optical Lithography. Photo masks, Wet Chemical Etching. Dielectric and Polysilicon Film Deposition:
Deposition Processes, Polysilicon , Silicon Dioxide, Silicon Nitride.
|III||Diffusion: Diffusion of Impurities in Silicon and Silicon Dioxide, Diffusion
Equations, Diffusion Profiles, Diffusion Furnace, Solid, Liquid and
Gaseous Sources , Sheet Resistance and its Measurement.
Ion-Implantation: Ion-Implantation Technique, Range Theory, Implantation
|IV||Metallization: :Metallization Application, Metallization Choices, Physical
Vapor Deposition, Vacuum Deposition, Sputtering Apparatus. Packaging of VLSI devices: Package Types, Packaging Design Consideration, VLSI Assembly Technologies, Package Fabrication Technologies.
|V||VLSI Process Integration: Fundamental Considerations For IC Processing,
NMOS IC Technology, CMOS IC Technology, Bipolar IC Technology, Monolithic and Hybrid Integrated Circuits, IC Fabrication
1. S. M. Sze, “VLSI Technology”, 2nd Edition, McGraw –Hill Publication.
1. S.K. Ghandhi, “VLSI Fabrication Principles”, 2nd Edition,. Willy-India Pvt. Ltd.
2. J. D. Plummer, M. D. Deal and Peter B. Griffin, “Silicon VLSI Technology: Fundamentals, practice and modelling”, Pearson Education.
3. Stephen A. Campbell, “Fabrication Engineering at the micro and nano scale”, Oxford Univ
|EEC 035 INTRODUCTION TO RADAR SYSTEMS||3 1 0|
|I||Introduction to Radar: Basic Radar, The Simply Form of the Radar
Equations, Radar Block Diagram, Radar Frequencies, Applications of
The Radar Equation: Detection of Signals in Noise, Receiver Noise and
the Signal-to-Noise Ratio, Probabilities of Detection and False Alarm,
Integration of Radar Pulses, Radar Cross Section of Targets, Radar Cross-
Section of Targets, Radar Cross-Section Fluctuations, Transmitter Power,
Pulse Repetition Frequency, Antenna Parameters, System Losses,
|II||MTI and Pulse Doppler Radar: Introduction to Doppler and MTI Radar,
Delay-Line Cancelers, Staggered Pulse Repetition Frequencies, Doppler
Filter Banks, Digital MTI Processing, Moving Target Detector,
Limitations to MTI Performance.
|III||Tracking Radar: Tracking with Radar, Mono pulse Tracking, Conical
Scan and Sequential Lobing, Limitations to tracking Accuracy, Low- Angle Tracking, Tracking in Range, Other Tracking Radar Topics, Comparison of Trackers, Automatic Tracking with Surveillance
|IV||Detection of Signals in Noise: Introduction, Detection Criteria, Detectors,
Automatic Detection, Integrators, Constant-False-Alarm Rate Receivers.
|V||Information from Radar Signals: Basic Radar Measurements, Theoretical
Accuracy of Radar Measurements, Ambiguity Diagram, Pulse
Compression, Target Recognition, Land Clutter, Sea Clutter, Weather
1. Merrill I. Skolnik “ Introduction to Radar Systems” Third Edition.
2. J.C. Toomay , Paul J. Hannen “ Principles of Radar” Third Edition.